Genetically Modified Organisms, Gmo, And Their Safety

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Genetically modified organisms, GMO’s, and their safety are becoming one of the most important topics in the agriculture industry. The fact that scientists are changing the genome of an organism makes people hesitant to accept them as being safe. GMO corn is modified by changing a gene that causes the plant to make Bt toxin. When insects eat the corn, they also eat the toxin which is deadly to the insects. According to Cookson Beecher, a writer for Food Safety News, the Bt toxin forms a crystalline structure that the insect’s gut cannot deal with after digesting it, but it has no effect on humans when we eat it. The insects then die after ingesting the toxin, and the farmer does not have to spray pesticides on the plants. Health agencies…show more content…
They say farmers are becoming more educated on the best farming practices. Also, technological advancements in agriculture like guidance systems on tractors and more efficient combines, is what is causing the increase in yields. Some people have even come to believe that GMO’s threaten the livelihoods of millions of small-scale farmers because they can no longer recycle seed since they have to purchase the seed from private seed companies that cost more money (All Africa). Recycling seed means using a small portion of last year’s crop to plant the next year’s crop. They also fear that GM crops will transfer their new genes to other, non GMO plants (Hutchinson) and that too much of the application of Roundup (the most common herbicide used on GMO’s) can cause damage to the crops. This would mean that non-GMO farmers would be highly impacted by GMO’s and their production would go down. However, GMO plants will increase yields and therefore increase production. Claims like the ones mentioned have been proven to be false and are just based on uneducated opinions. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, in the past 4 decades rising yields have accounted for about 70 percent of the increase in crop production. In the last 38 years, wheat yields have increased by almost 6 percent, and rice yields have increased by 3.4 percent over the same amount of time.
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