Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos )

996 Words4 Pages
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are seeds that are genetically altered in a laboratory before being planted. Later on, they grow into genetically modified (GM) foods. Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) A GMO is a plant-based organism, such as seed. However, it has: Genes that are altered to act in a certain way that does not naturally happen OR Contains genes from another plant-based organism History Since 1994, about 85 GM foods have been approved for sale in Canada. This includes GM foods grown in Canada and GM foods that have been imported from other countries. Only four main GM crops are currently grown in Canada including canola, soybean, corn and sugar beet. Most of these GM crops are exported to other countries. Supervision Before a GM food can be sold in Canada, Health Canada makes sure it is safe to eat and will not harm your health or the environment. Health Canada completes a thorough safety assessment on all GM foods before they are allowed to be sold. A safety assessment can take many years. Advantages Resist damage due to weather, like frost or draught Grow more easily in some environments (like dry soil conditions) Produce more crop, helping to keep food prices lower Ripen slower and last longer during shipping Bruise less easily Need less pesticides (like herbicides and insecticides) Have less disease caused by insects or viruses Have more of a certain nutrient like vitamin A found in Golden Rice, a GM rice crop used to fight malnutrition in
Open Document