Essay about Genetics In Life

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Genetics In Life

Genetics is the study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits (Poretto). This knowledge could be used to alter the course of a future human life. This knowledge could even be used to stop a potentially painful life before it starts. Genetic engineering, like any other science, is a tool. Like any other tool Genetic Engineering is neither inherently positive nor inherently negative. Genetic engineering’s benefits outweigh the potential negatives, and in spite of some people fearing that it is immoral; genetics needs to be continually developed.
The first step in eliminating superstition about a topic is to understand that topic. The origins of genetic history lay in the ancient techniques of selective breeding
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     Today genetic testing helps forewarn of potential medical problems. However, the ramifications are not clear. The guidelines and knowledge about genetic’s effect on disease is ever-rapidly increasing. Medical geneticists recommend that an informed decision be made before deciding whether or not to get tested. The decision should be based on possible risk, ideally with the assistance of a genetic counselor (Leslie).
     Even more controversial is the use of genetics before a person is born. An unborn child can be tested for hundreds of genetic diseases. Some would argue that this is unfair to the unborn child; that it might lead to an immoral termination of the pregnancy. However, testing might allow for early treatment, or even allow the parents to prepare for a potential difficult childhood. In some cases it might me better for the fetus to be terminated. The key is that the decision is for the parents. Science and religion should not be used to create law removing parents right to choose.
     Another controverisal use is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD). This allows for screening of genetic traits before artificial insemination. Michael Feinman described it best in his article, Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD).
Many ethical questions surround PGD. Some people see the beginning of eugenics