Genocide : An International Crime

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Genocide is a horrific, systematic destruction of people that affects the international community because of its severity and violation of human rights. Genocide is considered an international crime because its consequences rattle the world. Genocide can occur for many reasons. The reasons vary from a group feeling threatened, to sending a warning to others, or to simply gain power among the community. Another reason for the occurrence of genocide may be to gain wealth, whether it is economical or territorial. If a group sees another as a barrier between their wealth and power they will do whatever it takes to exterminate the threat. In this paper, I will focus on the Rwandan Genocide that occurred in 1994 and the impact it had on the victims. Genocide was defined in 1948 by the United Nations as an international crime. Prior to the Holocaust in Nazi Germany, there was no definition for the word genocide. The international world realized that this was a major crime that could not go unnoticed and needed to start defining and prosecuting perpetrators. The UN identified genocide as the killing of groups, causing serious bodily or mental harm, deliberately inflicting on the group actions to bring physical destruction, preventing births within the group, or forcibly transferring children from one group to another (Campbell, 2009). Any one of these acts executed with the purpose to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group is
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