Geography Indian Climate Notes Class 10

4812 Words Mar 22nd, 2011 20 Pages
Climate- India
The Climate of India is an interesting subject of study - it is just as varied as everything else about India- its people, its culture, its topography. India is a composite in many ways - and at the core of this composite trait lies its vast and varied topography. From snow capped mountains to clear streams and vast oceans, from a desert habitat to lush green tropical forests, large plain lands, plateaus and mountains - we have it all and even more. India experiences 4 seasons: The Summer Season, The Monsoon Season, The Season of Retreating Monsoon and the The Cold Weather Season. In general, India is said to have a Tropical Monsoon Climate. In this chapter we shall find out all about the Tropical Monsoon Climate of India.
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The highest average temperatures are 40°C in south Deccan, 40°C to 45°C in Madhya Pradesh and 50°C in Rajasthan. However the warmest area shifts from the Deccan to the north-west of the country. This is due to the apparent movement of the sun northwards. The sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Cancer. In the coastal regions the sea brings respite and the heat becomes bearable so are hills and plateaus due to the elevations. These summer months are a period of exceedingly high temperature and declining air pressure in northern parts of the country. Towards the end of May a low pressure area develops called The Monsoon Low Pressure trough. This low pressure area stretches from the Thar Desert in the north-west to Patna and Chotanagpur Plateau in the east-southeast. In the center of the low pressure trough in the north-west of the country hot, dry winds blow during the afternoon with temperature range between 45°C and 50°C. This wind is so hot that it may cause sunstroke.These hot dusty dry winds are known as “loo”. It is common in Bihar, Punjab, Haryana and UttarPradesh. Though the country remains dry during this hot season but Assam and some parts of West Bengal do receive some amount of rain. Thunder storms with strong dusty winds are common in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. These local winds in Assam and West Bengal are known as Kalbaishakhi. They usually blow in the north-west direction. So they are known as “
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