Essay on Geography: The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is a country that is mysterious to many outsiders. From the harsh landscape to the traditional social norms shared by its people, Afghanistan continues to mystify the world. The country’s unique location has influenced its history and people, and that of the nations and armies that have tried to conquer it. Like all nations, Afghanistan’s geography, infrastructure, history and people contribute to the overall culture of the country. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is located in southern Asia. It is a landlocked country. The nations that boarder Afghanistan are Pakistan to the East and South, Iran to the West, and Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the North. The country also shares a minor board with China, …show more content…
As of 2004, twelve percent of the country is cultivated, with an additional ten percent used as pastureland for grazing and another five percent has the potential for agricultural activities (“Afghanistan Profile” 5). The main crops are opium, wheat and other grains, fruits and nuts, sugar beets and oil seeds. Opium is the most profitable crop, and although officially outlawed, Afghanistan remains the world’s leading producer. The main livestock grown are sheep, goats, camels, poultry, cattle and buffalo. The type of livestock grown is dependent upon the terrain and water available. All products from the animals are used and sheep are especially useful as they provide both animal protein and fat, but also serve as a source of wool. Approximately 80 percent of the population works in some form of agriculture, yet frequently the gross output is not enough to feed the population (“Afghanistan Profile” 5 and cia.gov). Due to nearly constant internal and external conflict, Afghanistan’s infrastructure is in a constant state of disrepair and rebuilding. The country has limited network of paved roads, with the main artery Highway 1, circling the country. Nearly two thirds of the country’s population lives within 30 miles of the road (Sieff). Recently, the government of Afghanistan has shown an inability to maintain the roads, due mostly to inexperience and lack of funds. While some of the deterioration happens because of

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