George Hincapie Research Paper

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George Hincapie is a 17 time Tour de France veteran, holds several cycling records, and continues to inspire despite his recent retirement from the sport. He is a strong advocate for clean cycling and mentors young cyclist through his own program. He resides in Greenville, South Carolina, owns a small sportswear company and a bed in breakfast with his brother, and excels in business employing the same methods of success he used in athletics. His selflessness, morality, and work ethic exemplify how simple and honest methods of success are still rewarding today.

Born on June 29, 1973, George was immediately introduced to the sport of cycling by his father Ricardo Hincapie. Ricardo is from Columbia, South America, but moved to the United States
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The USA Cycling Organization had this to say regarding his junior career:
After a stunning junior career in which he captured 10 national titles and a pair of world championship medals, it was clearly evident that George was on his way to becoming one of the most successful cyclists in American history.
As member of the 1989 U.S. Junior National Team, Hincapie was a two-time winner of the Mary Cappy Award, given annually to the most outstanding cyclist at U.S. Junior Nationals (1990-91)

He reaped the rewards of his perseverance and went pro with the Motorola Cycling Team in 1994. Being part of a cycling team requires much more strategy than individual racing. Each team consists of a leader and several domestiques, or servants, which work to positon their leader in order to win. They typically ride in front of the leader for the majority of the race to cut the wind in front of them. Creating a draft like this can conserve up to 40% of the leaders energy. George’s height in comparison to other shorter riders made him ideal for creating a significant draft. This, along with his natural ability as a team player, factored in to him leading a successful career as a professional
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Early in my professional career, it became clear to me that, given the widespread use of performance-enhancing drugs by cyclists at the top of the profession, it was not possible to compete at the highest level without them. I deeply regret that choice and sincerely apologize to my family, teammates and fans.
George cooperated with the World Anti-Doping Agency on October 12, 2014 and testified against his former teammate Lance Armstrong, as well as admitting to have used banned substances himself. During that time in the history of the sport it was nearly impossible to compete with the best due to the fact that most everyone doped. George had this to say about the doping culture back when he went pro in the 90s:
Back then it was very prevalent in the sport. The riders discussed it amongst themselves in the peloton, and there was a time where you could go from being one of the best guys in the country, top rated new professional in the sport, to barely being able to hold on to the peloton. There was quite a drastic change, and we were all kind of thrown into this dark era of the
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