George Orwell 's Animal Farm

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In the novel Animal Farm, by George Orwell, the wisest boar of the farm, Old Major, mimics Karl Marx, the “Father of Communism,” and Vladimir Lenin, a Russian communist revolutionary. George Orwell introduces direct parallels between the respected figures through their mutual ideas of equality and profoundly appreciated qualities. Furthermore, his utilization of dialect and descriptions represent the key ideas of the novel. Throughout the novel, Orwell continues to show comparisons between Old Major and Karl Marx/ Vladimir Lenin that reveal their representation of one another.

In the beginning of the novel, Old Major insisted on speaking to the animals of Manor Farm after an idea had come upon him in a dream. In this quote from the novel, Old Major is presenting his ideas of equality:

“No argument must ever lead astray. Never listen when they tell you man and animal have common interest, that the prosperity of one is the prosperity of others. It is all lies. Man serves the interests of no creature other than himself. And among us animals, let there be perfect unity, perfect comradeship in the struggle.” (Orwell, 10).

Old Major’s ideas are similar to Karl Marx’s ideas. Marx published The Communist Manifesto, in 1848, concerning the means of production in society and the working class. As the first line of The Communist Manifesto reads, "The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working men of all countries, unite!"

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