George Orwell 's Dystopian Novel 1984

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“War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength.” This is the slogan of the Inner Party in 1984. George Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984 depicts a terrifying and bleak image of the future under “Big Brother” — an authoritarian regime that controls not only the citizens’ action, but their very own thoughts. The novel was written in 1948 as a critique of authoritarianism and Stalinism, after Orwell’s travel to Spain where he witnessed the atrocities committed by the fascist Spanish regime during the Spanish Civil War in 1936. The rise of the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union and Adolf Hitler in Germany inspired Orwell’s enmity toward totalitarianism and authoritarianism. Although written as a political satire over half a century ago, 1984 lives today not only as a well-crafted novel, but also as a terrific prophecy of the contemporary United States. Nobody is willing to admit that people are living in the society of 1984. Its authoritarian state is toxic to the health of democracy. But if one really analyzes what is happening in the United States — the closure of public schools and its effect on the pervasive incarceration of the black population, and the mass surveillance — one may find a striking resemblance to the dystopian society of 1984. To this extent, 1984 successfully advances the authoritarianism in the United States that resembles the authoritarian control in 1984. These critiques of the new authoritarianism in the United States include the
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