George Rousseau And John Locke

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Morality is the differentiation of intentions, actions, and decisions, between what is right or good, and what is wrong or bad. It can also be characterized as a body of principles or standards, derived from religion, philosophy or culture. There are different proposed systems of expressing morality, which include deontological and utilitarianism ethical systems, among others. Many philosophers have been attempting to explain the actual meaning of morality. Both Jean Rousseau and John Locke advocated religious tolerance, human morality, and political liberalism, but greatly differed on the human nature conceptions. Their differences were inclined on both their attitude and the system itself. They promoted freedom and reason, which are…show more content…
There are some things, which they incline to, while they fly to others. But this does not change the innate characters in people’s minds, which are principles of Knowledge, and help in regulating their Practice.
Rousseau believed that human beings are born clean and good, but corrupted by schooling and civilization. He argues that every child is clean and good, as it comes from the maker’s hand, but changes when in the hands of the man. He argued that the nobleness of a man was always corrupted by the society. He agrees that people should be guided by their own reasons, instead of societal norms (Rousseau 6). Unlike Locke, Rousseau’s idea of training the children does not implicitly depend on social expectations. He contends that people can comfortably attain preferable morality, independence of thought, and freedom, through naturalistic education. He believes that education should come from men’s nature and things, which must coincide for a common goal. On the contrary, Locke believed that human began as tabula rasa, and gradually acquired knowledge through experience. For him, education was a more important civilizing force. Education is meant to mold the delicate natural tendencies of men and instructing their minds. Society depended on a social contract, in which is agreed to behave well to each other reciprocally, in order to create preconditions for better lives. Locke
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