Essay Georgia's Role During the Civil War

696 Words Nov 16th, 2005 3 Pages
Throughout the 1850's a division in the country between North and South widened. However, in spite of the rising rhetoric, the state of Georgia was far from becoming a "war machine." In Marietta, the Georgia Military Institute went to the state for funds only three times between 1852 and 1863. Throughout the state, railroads were being built up for economic reasons, not reasons of war. Atlanta was concerned about fighting equipment for its newly formed fire department, not for some secret military unit. Life went on "as usual" until the 1860 Presidential campaign.
Most Southerners favored John C. Breckinridge as President of the United States; but Abraham Lincoln won the election with 39.7 percent of the popular vote Lincoln was
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It also stated that the prohibition of slavery in the territories was the cardinal principle of the Lincoln organization. This document was approved on January 29, 1861.
After Georgia's secession, Alexander Stephens was elected Vice President of the Confederate States of America and the newly formed country set to work forming an army. To this army, Georgia contributed more than 112 regiments/brigades and several generals of note (George Thomas Anderson, Robert Houstoun Anderson, Edward Porter Alexander, George T. Anderson, Robert a. Toombs, Edward L. Thomas, Clement A. Evans, and Alfred Holt Colquitt), almost entirely depleting the male population of that state. Despite the huge numbers of infantry volunteers, at the end of the war, Georgia's over-all death toll was only about eleven thousand. Although this number was relatively low, it still struck Georgian society a huge blow.
So, the war had begun, the Confederacy had their army, and everyone prepared for what they believed was going to be a short conflict. Four years later, they realized how…