Geothermal Power Producers: The US, Philipines and Indonesia
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Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia, it’s made up of more than 18,000 islands and is the fourth most populous country in the world. 88% of the power generated in Indonesia is from non renewable resources. In order to change this, we decided to use geothermal energy to reduce the carbon emissions that are produced from the coal and oil. Indonesia has 40% of the world potential for geothermal energy
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world, located in Southeast Asia and made up of more than 18,000 islands, while only one third of them are inhabited. In 2011 57% of the power generated in Indonesia was coal and oil, 31% was natural gas, making 88% of the generated power non renewable. There is a much needed change for…show more content…
Because Indonesia has such a high population, their need for electricity is very high and in turn, their carbon emissions are also very high. This makes renewable energy an even more important switch for the country. The top three types of renewable energy that would have the best potential in Indonesia are Geothermal, Hydrogen, and Biomass. Not only is geothermal the cheapest, but it produces little to no waste or emissions. Coal costs around $0.10-$0.14/kwh, while geothermal is only $0.05/kwh. This makes geothermal the cheapest renewable and cheapest nonrenewable energy source.
The best place for geothermal energy is in West Jawa, because it is where many volcanoes in Indonesia are centered. A modern geothermal power plant can cost as low as $3400 per kilowatt installed. Unfortunately geothermal plants can pollute water and can affect the geological structure of the land where it’s installed. Geothermal plants produce fewer pollutants than coal plants and are also less than half the price. Indonesia has nearly half of the world’s potential resources in geothermal energy, yet the country only uses enough of their resources to make them number three on the world’s list of top geothermal using countries. More geothermal plants are needed in Indonesia to lower the carbon emissions and to start tapping into the resources below their island. Not only is geothermal power cost effective, but it is a smart choice for Indonesia