German And United Kingdom : Primary Influential Factors

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German and United Kingdom: Primary Influential Factors in Government Formation Comparative analyses of European politics allow political scientists to formulate and test policies through cross-compare, learn best practices, make predictions and develop a standardized model of democracy for new nations. Techniques of comparison are useful in the observation of government formation, as they enable analysts to derive the similar and differing factors influencing formations. Throughout Europe, there are four types of government formations: single-party majority, minimal-winning coalition, oversized coalitions and minority governments. According to European Politics: A Comparative Introduction, where Tim Bale calculated the percentage of each administration between 1945 and 2010, the overall composition of Europe 's governments (limited to the 27 member-states of the European Union or EU-27) can be broken down into the following: 11 percent single-party majority, 33 percent minimal-winning coalition, 34 percent minority government and 21 percent oversized coalitions (Bale 2013 – p119, Gallagher et al., (2011: 434). While minimal-winning coalition and minority government are far more common than other types of governments, it has been argued that coalitions are the "norm" in Europe (Boucek, 2010:48-51). Political scientists have recognized two main factors influencing coalition formation: office-seeking – where parties form alliances to obtain power and positions in the
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