Germany's To Blame For WWII

Decent Essays
The conclusion of the First World War left many countries in desire of long lasting peace. This shared fear of another war led to the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919, where the major powers of the world such as France, Britain, Italy, the U.S. and Japan, excluding the defeated Central Powers, signed major treaties including the Treaty of Versailles, Treaty of St. Germain, Treaty of Neuilly, and the Treaties of Sevres and Lausanne. These treaties, specifically the Treaty of Versailles, placed the blame for World War I (WWI) entirely on Germany and Austria-Hungary, which lead to Germany’s desire for revenge and consequently its role in World War II (WWII). Evidently, the treaties were not entirely just to all of the countries involved,…show more content…
Italy switched sides in order to gain territory which it believed to be rightfully Italian, and the Treaty of London, a secret treaty with the Allied powers which finalized Italy’s change in Alliances, promised them this land. However, as a result of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points presented to the League of Nations at the Paris Peace Conference, which proposed the policy of self- determination, Italy did not receive all of the land which it was certain that it deserved in the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty, signed in 1919, left Italy unsatisfied and enraged, which could be argued is a contributing factor in Italy joining the Second World War. This dissatisfaction is demonstrated soon after the Treaty of Versailles was signed, later in 1919, when Italian WWI Veteran Gabriele D’Annunzio captured Fiume, land which had been previously promised to them in the Treaty of London, but they did not receive in the Treaty of Versailles. It is claimed that Mussolini watched this event and admired D’Annunzio’s “charismatic example”. Several years later in 1935, Benito Mussolini revisited the previous indignation associated with the Treaty of Versailles and used this “injustice” as pretext to invade Abyssinia and “make up for these disappointments”. These acts further prove Italy’s willingness to be aggressive as a result of the Treaty of…show more content…
This is partially owing to the fact that Italy did not join WWII until 1940, twenty years after the Treaty of Versailles, therefore it is likely that a majority of the Italian public were no longer unhappy with the outcome of the First World War, and more focused on internal affairs, such as the post-war economic depression Italy was experiencing at the time. The fact that Italy did not acquire the land which it had believed to be rightfully Italian however did play a small role in Italy’s contribution to the Second World War, as it is reflected in Italy’s foreign policy during the war. Italy’s foreign policy was concentrated on improving their military power in order to reclaim land. Italy’s military forces did not contribute much to the war, however Italy did manage to seize Albania in 1939 during WWII, proving their focus on territorial
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