The first World War left the entire world in a state of chaos, suffrage as well as separation; this was all mainly centred in Europe. The European countries were most effected by this war because it was so close to home. Italy, being such a new country saw these effects in an extreme way. The already regionalised country became more and more separated and saw all the crippling societal results of this war. Benito Mussolini was able to capitalize on the state the country found itself in. Mussolini and his fascist ideals were able to overthrow Italy and turn it into a dictatorship and lead it into the second World War behind Hitler’s Germany. Mussolini was able to successfully turn Italy into a dictatorship under a fascist regime because
The Spanish civil war is often seen as a fundamental divide between right and left- the first major struggle between Fascism and Communism. The Spanish civil war started distinctly as a Spanish civil war born out of Spanish disputes, but it was soon to take on an international character. The
Mussolini says that this was on purpose as the “surprise was important and he meant to claim that he was acting in self-defense”. A couple of years, in 1939, Italy invaded Albania, after Albania rejected the ultimatum that demanded that Italy’s occupation be acceded. As a result, Fascists slogans indicated that Albania should became an Italian protectorate. June 10, 1940, Italy declared war on Britain and France when it seemed as if Germany was winning the war.
As the war broke out in Europe in 1940, Mussolini did his best to stay away from the fighting. He preached to his people that his army was ready to fight in the war, and was prepared to defend himself, and conquer land for his country. (6) Benito Mussolini’s main objective in the war was to gain land, and claim the land for Italy. His idea was to create the ultimate empire, and rule over millions of people. "As World War II approached, Mussolini announced his intention of annexing Malta, Corsica, and Tunis." (7) His intentions increased as he captured Albania in April of 1939. His rise to the
“It is humiliating to remain with our hands folded while others write history. It matters little who wins. To make a people great it is necessary to send them to battle even if you have to kick them in the pants. That is what I shall do,” said Benito Mussolini (Quotes). Benito Mussolini explains that every person should be doing something useful. He also says that everyone should join the battle; even if they disagree on its purpose, they should be forced to. Moreover, Benito Mussolini had a great impact on people in his time that changed many things in the world. Benito Mussolini was influenced by the Italian economic conditions following World War I; He then influenced his country into siding with Germany in the war, leading to Italy’s
World War II had many precipitating causes, some of them were based on a continuation of hostilities from World War I and the treaties that followed those conflicts. The Treaty of Versailles was signed by the major powers and their principal allies, and outlined the spoils from that war. The central signatories of the treaty were the US, British Empire, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan. It took over six months of negotiations at the ‘Paris Peace Conference’ to obtain a peace treaty and have that registered by the League of nations in 1919. The treaty also contained a ‘War Guilt Cause’ that required Germany to accept responsibility for the war as well as its allies that supported the war. Because of the Treaty of Versailles Germany
Italy experienced a tumultuous inception and its history has followed the same path. The rebellions that resulted in the formation of Italy as a state did not often go as planned. Giuseppe Mazzini tried to start the unification of Italy but failed every time. However, his follower Camillo Benso, the Count of Cavour, was able to lead a successful rebellion that unified Italy. Shortly thereafter, the peasants of the South wanted to disband the new state because of a tax. There was the problem with the Papal States and territory disputes. In later years, Italy eventually made the decision to join World War I, once again entering war. As the Fascists came into power following WWI, there was still fighting between Mussolini and the Pope. They had the overcome a history of disdain and of competing personalities.
When World War I began, Italy was in the forty-third year of its unification. From 1860 until 1871, the Kingdom of Italy wrangled individual kingdoms across the land into one entity, much to the shock of its neighbors. The joining forced the rest of Europe to
That made Mussolini seek out an alliance with Germany, but he held back on a full alliance because he was concerned about the weaknesses in the Italian economy and military (Farrell, 2003). He knew these had to be adjusted to make sure he would not end up in a weak position, and risk being taken over by the very country he was attempting to form an alliance with. When WWII officially began, there were some negotiations to address. The French government was interested in attacking Italian forces in Libya, and Britain wanted Italy on its side against Germany (Farrell, 2003). That had been the case in WWI, but Mussolini did not see it as being practical anymore. In June of 1940, Italy declared war on Britain and France (Farrell,
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace agreement made by the world powers that won World War I. Signed in Versailles Palace on June 28th 1919, the creation of treaty was governed by the winning side’s most prominent political figures. These were Woodrow Wilson, the United States president, Georges Clemenceau of France, and David LLoyd George of England. The varying opinions and motives of these three individuals led to great discussion and compromises altering the outcome, results, and Germany’s response to the official document. Despite this, Germany was undoubtedly blamed for the start of World War I.
The document on Italy’s entry into WWI seems as if it would be a primary source specking from a time when Italy and it crisis were occurring. Giovanni Papini speaks in favor of fascism in italic government. He acknowledges that those who govern Italy are useless and weakened a once
In 1915, Italy was fully unified except for the region of Trento, which was occupied by the Austrians. Returning Trentino to Italy became a common goal for citizens and also helped to give rise to the age of nationalism. Norberto Bobbio, an italian philosopher of political science and a historian, said “ the objectives of the great war were for the liberty of all, in fact the participation of Italy with the Triple Entente against the Duple Alliance wasn’t seen as a new beginning of the Italian Empire but as the last war of the Risorgimento.”. Every single different political group wanted Italy completely unified. Nationalism was fairly new in Italy because of it’s just recent unification, but even though it was new, in the beginning of the 20th century the shipowners, farmers, and the blacksmiths all favoured the nationalists. In the 23rd of May, the day that Italy declared war against Austria, all the italians celebrated. In fact in Civitavecchia the whole town accompanied and celebrated the soldiers who were going to the
The Pact of Steel: How it All Started Mussolini and his country were an independent cause. Mussolini was a fascist who didn't want handouts from other countries or people. Hitler knew this, and began to persuade him into joining forces with Germany. Mussolini objected at first; he despised Hitler, jealous of his success and eager to achieve it with Italy alone. But Hitler persisted, talking highly of Mussolini and his troops everywhere, about his invasions of Ethiopia and all of his successes as a dictator and general. This made Mussolini feel good, and eventually, it swooned him over to Hitler's plea for Italy to work with Germany. Mussolini, in the end, believed this would be a good idea, because if the strong countries- Italy and Germany- took on the rest of the weaker countries, they wouldn't stand a chance. So, he issued a
Mussolini made the decision of allowing his country to enter World War II and hurt his country. When Mussolini decided his country would enter World War II, they entered to fight along side with Nazi Germany. Because of the weakness of the Italian army, Italy was in a tight situation fighting a losing battle. In June 1943, the King of Italy showed how he did not appreciate Mussolini’s beliefs and actions by arresting Mussolini, which resulted in the country capitulating in September 1943. “Italy entered the war in June 1940 when France was almost defeated. Mussolini hoped for a quick victory but Italy suffered from the very beginning from the poor training of its army and the lack of experience of its generals.” (“Italy”). Many citizens of
WEALTH In Italy, the “Northern states for example such as Milan and Lombardy were relatively wealthy, while large parts of Southern Italy still relied on heavily agricultural economies and were relatively poor” (Sailus, 2016). This shows that Italy was a self-sufficient country and used modern ways to succeed as a country. Before world war 1 Italy declared itself neutral in the conflict, despite its membership in the “Triple Alliance” alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882. But in 1915, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary, entering the war on the side of the Allies Britain, France and Russia. They carefully considered how to gain the greatest benefit from participation in the war. The decision to join the fight on the side of the Allies was based mostly on the promises Italy received in the Treaty of London, signed in April 1915. The war ended in 1918 and “600,000 Italians were dead, 950,000 were wounded and 250,000 were crippled