Gerontology Study Guide Essay

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N330 Care of the Older Adult and the Family in Retirement
Study Guide for Final

1. Why is it important to study gerontological nursing?

Our society is rapidly aging, with an increasing proportion of the population being over the age of 65. This growth of the older population is expected to increase dramatically over the next 25 years. Consequently, there is a growing need for professionals to be trained to work with older persons.

2. Review the roles of the gerontological nurse.

Direct care providers, case managers, nurse leaders, educators, patient advocates, administrators.

3. What are the American Nurses Association (ANA) Standards of Clinical Gerontological Nursing Care?

A. Standard I:
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← Women now comprise the majority of the older population (55%) in all nations ← Life expectancy in 2009 in U.S. is 78.7 ← 2007 life expectancy by gender › Women – 81 years › Men – 75.2 years ← Current focus on “baby boomers” › Born between 1946 and 1964 › Began turning 65 in 2011

7. Describe common theories of aging. (See chart under Course Documents) ▪ Biological Aging Theories ▪ Programmed Theories ▪ Endocrine Theory ▪ Immunological Theory ▪ Error Theory ▪ Wear and Tear Theory ▪ Cross-Link Theory ▪ Free Radical Theory ▪ Somatic DNA Damage Theory ▪ Psychological Aging Theories ▪ Jung’s Theory of Individualism ▪ Erikson’s Developmental Theory ▪ Sociological Aging Theories ▪ Disengagement Theory ▪ Activity Theory ▪ Continuity Theory

8. Identify common physical changes that occur with aging. (See chart under Course Documents) ▪ The aging process is multifactorial and includes • Benign changes, such as graying hair • Nonbenign changes, such as senescence • Individualized aging progression • Modifiable changes related to lifestyle • Normal or universal aging processes ▪ Normal aging includes • Loss of organ reserves resulting in decreased response to physiological stress •

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