Gestational Diabetes Mellitus : An Overview

1241 Words Oct 4th, 2015 5 Pages
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Isaac Anzaldua
Norma Beardwood (Roper), MBA, M. Ed., RDN, LD, LPC, CEDS
DIET 4252
September 21, 2015 Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Introduction
Diabetes Mellitus is a disease; which occurs through the insufficiency of insulin being produced or its actions are not being utilized. This occurrence leads to hyperglycemia; an issue in which the amount of glucose in the blood is relatively high. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus falls under the category of DM. GDM also consist of a form of insulin resistance throughout the pregnancy of the woman. If a woman is to be high-risk to have diabetes at the first prenatal visit; they should receive a test to be screened for diabetes. The majority of woman get diagnosed (GDM) throughout the second and third trimester, for the fact being that the hormones; which are antagonistic to insulin are significantly high. As a result, the presence of insulin resistance rises exponentially. Hyperglycemia consequently occurs, and many manifestation can occur. Some of the potential manifestations that can be seen as a result of these occurrences are as follows: macrosomia, cesarean delivery, use of pharmacologic therapy, neonatal hypoglycemia, prematurity, and neural tube defect (Mahan et al., 2012, p. 679). According to Escott-Stump (2012), GDM, “affects 14–25% of all pregnancies” (p.552); and these number are increasing. As women with GDM endure pregnancy, and after these individuals have delivered their blood…
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