Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper

1541 WordsSep 10, 20177 Pages
Society looks at Pregnancy as an amazing and exciting time for women and their families. However women diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus can experience an increased amount of stressors not only physical but, emotionally and socially. Physically GDM causes increased blood sugar levels which can have dangerous and harmful effects on both mother and infant. New to be mothers can have a hard time understanding and coping with their pregnancy and condition if not supported correctly by healthcare professionals. Healthcare professionals should use a women-centred approach when delivering maternity care as it empowers women in the self-management of their care. This essay will discus in further detail the aspects of GDM, including the…show more content…
Insulin is the only hormone in the body that lowers blood glucose levels, as it targets cells and provides for glucose storage as glycogen (Mattson Porth, 2002). Insulin prevents fat and glycogen breakdown and inhibits glycogenesis and increases portent synthesis (Mattson Porth, 2002). The placenta secretes hormones and adipokines, these include tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, human placental lactogen, and human placental growth hormone (Alfadhli, 2015). Furthermore, increased oestrogen, progesterone and cortisol during pregnancy add to the disruption of the balance of glucose and insulin levels within the body (Alfadhli, 2015). The body tries to compensate for the insulin resistance by increasing the amount of insulin that is secreted, however women with gestational diabetes can not secrete enough insulin to keep up with the metabolic stress of the insulin resistance causing hyperglycaemia in the bloodstream (Alfadhli, 2015). Hyperglycaemia is a serious risk during pregnancy as it can have many direct adverse affects on the mother and baby (Stewart, Z. A., & Murphy, H. R. 2014). Some of the most common risks associated with maternal hyperglycaemia are an increased infant birth weight resulting in a infant that is large for gestational age (LGA), increased infant fat mass, preeclampsia and preterm delivery, and an increased need for caesarean section (Hillier et al., 2007). Serious complications due to
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