Gilligan's Theory Of Moral Development In Antigone By Sophocles

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How does one ultimately make the difference between what is morally right and wrong? Lawrence Kohlberg, a psychologist, and his student, Carol Gilligan, developed two variations of a theory that classifies people based on their perceptions of what is right or wrong. Kohlberg's theory ranks people based on their understanding of universal principles and ethics, while Gilligan's theory focuses more on the differences between moralities between men and women. These theories can be applied to the characters of Antigone, a Greek play by Sophocles that tells the story of a woman transgressing the king's orders by burying her brother's body after he dies in battle. In Sophocles's Greek tragedy Antigone, Creon undergoes a dynamic change in his sense of morality based on his classification on the scales in Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development, Gilligan's Ethics of Care Theory, and a general scale of morality; however his low initial morals hold him responsible for the deaths of his loved ones.
Creon's morality at the beginning of the play ranks on the lower end of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development and Gilligan's Ethics of Care Theory. For example, in the introductory scene of the play, Creon tells the Chorus, "… whoever shows by word and deed that he is on the side of the state – he shall have my respect while he is living and my reverence when he is dead" (1.1.52-55). His statement proves that the refuses to acknowledge anyone who does not serve his purposes. This implies
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