Glaucoma Can Occur Without Much Warning

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Glaucoma can occur without much warning, whether its acute from a accident in which a trauma is issued on the eye, or if it is due to age and heredity. Glaucoma doesn 't discriminate, it is seen in all races and genders. It happens so slowly with age and heredity that you don 't even notice the loss of vision until it is too late, and with acute glaucoma it can be painful with pain that radiates over the face, a headache, nausea, vomiting and seeing colored halos around lights and even blurred vision can be a few symptoms (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2013). Once you start seeing halos, and lose peripheral vision, it may be an indicator that irreversible damage to the optic nerve has happened. In this paper we will discuss the pathophysiology of glaucoma, the types of glaucoma as well as the causes for them. the issues that glaucoma can cause someone, and the treatments and interventions. We will also have a education handout to help better understand how to administer the medication, and the effects it has on the eye. Glaucoma occurs when there is an increase of intraocular pressure or IOP; IOP is the pressure of the fluid within the eye that builds up behind the eye (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2013). If the retinal ganglion cells degenerate, the visual field will decrease as well as the optic nerve will atrophy causing a distinctive clinical appearance (Gemenetzi, Yang, & Lotery, 2012). There are several types of glaucoma but the main two types of glaucoma; open-angle and
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