Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore’s book Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights, 1919-1950 shows

600 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore’s book Defying Dixie: The Radical Roots of Civil Rights, 1919-1950 shows the Civil Rights movement in the same light as those writers like Jacquelyn Dowd Hall who believed in “The Long Movement.” Gilmore sets out to prove that much more time and aspects went into the Civil Rights Era and that it did not just start at the time of Brown v. Board of Education and the civil rights acts of the nineteen sixties. The book adhered to the ideology of “The Long movement” aspects of the civil rights era during its earlier times. However it also differs by displaying the more unorthodox, often unseen origins of the movement in Communism, labor, and fascism. She also shows that Black civil rights is not a problem faced by many…show more content…
Fort-Whiteman stated that the Russians saw racism as “social poison” and this was a welcomed adjustment. For his affiliation Fort-Whitman was high on the watch list during the Red Scare. After much scrutiny, jail and violence, in June 1924 Fort-Whiteman and approximately five hundred other people tied with the Fifth word congress travelled to Moscow from Chicago. A few weeks later he spoke to a crowd on “the Negro Question.” The crowd included Joseph Stalin and Ho Chi Minh. Another interesting character that the book introduces readers to is Pauli Murray from Durham, North Carolina. She developed a hatred of the oppressive segregation laws a young girl., like many other blacks Murray fled to the north where she received a degree from Hunter College. Murray like Fort-Whiteman was inspired but communism’s stance on racial equality and was a member of the party for a short time. Murray fought to gain acceptance to the graduate program at UNC Chapel Hill, where her White, Doctor /Congressman Great- Great Grandfather had been a trustee. Murray thought the family connection would aid in her acceptance. It however did not. Murray turned to writing to the President of the University. She played on Graham’s stance on the how he though the Nazi treatment of Jews was deplorable. Murray asked him how he could treat blacks in the same manner. After many blocks Murray
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