Around the 1600’s, New England started to develop a drastic population growth. This growth caused several problems for the occupants including, high prices on food, land, and a shortage of work for many because of the aggressive competition. Immigrants from New England began to prepare for a voyage that would be beneficial for some travelling to Massachusetts and not so much those who were travelling to Virginia. Although the settlers from the Chesapeake Bay and New England came from the same country, these colonies established different societies because of varying elements such as religious freedoms, economy, government’s role in society and unity.
During the seventeenth century, colonial America was welcoming many newcomers, several from England. Quantities of these newcomers were seeking land for economic purposes as others were longing for religious toleration. Many of the English colonists settled in the New England region for religious freedoms, to escape the English king, and leave adversaries of other religions behind. Settlers who resided in the Middle Atlantic region were affected differently. Although the Middle Atlantic was more
During the 17th and 18th century, English residents felt that England was over-crowded and intolerable. They wanted to lessen these problems that rose up because of the large population increase and to establish more religious freedom (Horn). The English believed that the best way to go about this was to colonize the New World. Subsequently, many colonies began to develop, and of these colonies, Massachusetts Bay and Virginia were the most well-known. The early settlements of Massachusetts and Virginia were both established by similar groups of people at the same time; furthermore, their contrasting beginnings as a colony, views on religion, and method of economic stability all contributed to our American heritage today.
1. The main contours of English Colonization in the 17th century were Protestant motives to strike Catholicism, along with solving England’s social crisis. With the rumors of the Spanish Empire’s atrocities reaching England, one motive to colonize the America’s was to strike the Catholics, and save the natives from captivity (Foner 51). This shows an interesting aspect of the English Colonization: the English allowed their people to go colonize just to strike the opposing religious country. Along with this, England sending emigrants over solved their social crisis. Because of England’s growing population and economy, the amount of peasants in cities grew. This is because of landlords using land for sheep, which kicked out peasants from their land (Foner 51-52). England hoped that some people of the lower classes would then go to America: to be out of the big cities where important people were, while still helping England in it’s economy.
The New England colonies consisted of puritans who wanted to purify the church because the Church in England was corrupt. They wanted a place where they could worship freely and work together to
In the seventeenth century, religious persecution ran rampant throughout Europe. In attempt to escape the oppression, many fled to less critical countries and territories. One of the popular refuges was colonial America. Settling in the north, these religious refugees made up a majority in the New England population, endeavoring to use it to form their Ideal society. They could use the new land to implement a new civilization reflective of their beliefs.
Colonial America, as a whole, was a self-governed, religiously tolerant, protestant area. The colonies became self-governed over time. Originally, most came to America to break free from the Catholic church, but as England loosened its reigns with the English civil war and other distractions, the people of the colonies made their own documents and democracies. Though some were Catholic, most people were some form of Protestant. In the different regions, religious toleration varied to what religions were acceptable and which were not, but it was an overall concept that most approved.
In the 1700’s England was suffering financially which then was effecting people socially. During this time people were also getting persecuted for what they believed in. These are some of the reasons of why people in England wanted to immigrate to the New World in the 1700’s. After people immigrated two main areas came about the Chesapeake area followed by New England. Although these areas were close they were very distinct societies. The reasons for these different societies were the religions practiced in them, the reasons for immigrating there, and the groups of people who immigrated there.
New England was settled to escape religious persecution; this ideology shifted the developmental path of the colony. The colonists
European immigrants from different parts of Europe flocked to North America, not only escaping religious persecution, but also seeking to attain social mobility. Religiously persecuted, they knew they were embarking on a journey that required tremendous entrepreneurial skills, and this might alone have set them aside from countrymen who chose to stay. “Even the most religious of the early Puritan settlers of Massachusetts Bay were alert to the need to create and maintain a viable economy” (qtd. in Perkins 165). As European residents, they might have had little in common, but as immigrants they unknowingly furnished many of the distinctive characteristics of American culture. Westward expansion continued during the eighteen century, when roughly 350 thousand Europeans moved to British North America. Once England’s overpopulation problems were solved, the crown came to regard a large home population as an asset and discouraged immigration to the colonies, but it instead promoted the colonies among German and French Protestants, who were offered free land, religious tolerance, and a relaxed path to citizenship (Norton 87). As earlier settlers’ family farms lost the ability to further divide inheritance among children, adult children migrated westward in search of their own estates. Even though traditional sects had difficulties
English settlements along the eastern seaboard later became the thirteen colonies which would form the US. To establish a presence in North America, England relied on private trading companies, one in particular, the Virginia Company, established the country’s first permanent settlement in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Puritans, reformers who wished to “purify” the Church of England, settled in New England but their efforts lacked success and some wanted to split from the church. Among those who desired to split from the church were William Bradford and John Winthrop who both assisted in bringing new settlers to the colonies. The Puritans’ values of hard work, thrift, and responsibility led to thriving settlements and financial success.
England set up strict rules and laws. Those who sought a bit of adventure naturally took off. Others were motivated to find religious freedom. Lord Baltimore set up Maryland for the sake of his fellow Catholics. Since England was primarily Protestant, a great deal of religious persecution occurred consequently the Catholic safe haven was born. Religious persecution also bound the Pilgrims to leave England and settle in Holland, where there was more religious freedom. However,