Global Effects Of The Cold War

1311 Words Aug 15th, 2014 6 Pages
Amanda Fuchs
The Global Effects of the Cold War and Decolonization The Cold War, also known as what could have been the third world war, conquered the second half of the 20th century. This international crisis, beginning at the end of World War II, is defined as the period of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. There are numerous reasons as to why many believed the Cold War commenced, one being that the Soviet Union wanted to spread its belief of communism worldwide, which in turn alarmed the democratic American society. This decades long war had numerous long-lasting impacts on the global world, as did decolonization. Major cold war events included: the build up of huge armories of atomic weapons and ballistic missiles by the U.S and the Soviet Union, formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, the policy of Détente, the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, and the collapsing of the Soviet Union. The Cold War and decolonization affected the global world by creating a polarized and combative environment, and dividing the world on the basis of democracy versus communism. Both the Soviet Union and United States had their own arsenals of weapons during the Cold War, and this was made evident during the Cuban Missile Crisis, which began on October 14, 1962. Earlier in May of 1962, the United States attempted to overthrow the Cuban government. In response, the Soviet Union, who controlled Cuba at the time, put missiles in Cuba to prevent further attacks from the…
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