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Global Environmental Environment

Decent Essays
“Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment” by West et. al. presents various actions that can help guide governments and multi level organizations in the quest to feed a growing population in a changing global climate. The paper focuses on four main strategies: improving yields and efficiency on existing croplands, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, water quality degradation, and water use in agriculture, switching animal feed crop production to human-edible crops, and reducing food waste. The authors provide a wide array of relevant data, but fail to synthesize it in a way that is helpful to policymakers and stakeholders. There are so many interrelated factors that are conspicuously absent from this…show more content…
Precision agriculture, access to finances and technology, quality seeds, and integrated crop/pest management knowledge are topics that ought to be focal points in the body of this paper. Soil science may be considerably less exciting than global production statistics, but these basics are at the core of the yield gap issue. Moreover, it is likely that governments and environmental stakeholders are aware of the agricultural/environmental statistics, but are unlikely to know how to support individual farmers in a way that promotes resilient and productive growth. Tangible methods are necessary for change, especially when providing guidance at the governmental level. On a positive note, the data that the authors provide about the potential calorie gains by closing the yield gap is highly valuable, and could provide incentives and targets for policymakers. While closing the yield gap will eventually be necessary to feed a growing population, it does nothing to increase food access for populations that are already food insecure. The diet gap, on the other hand, refers to human-edible crops that are already produced but are not directly consumed as food. This includes crops produced for biofuels, crops produced to feed livestock, and food that is wasted at all stages in the supply chain. A large
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