Global Health : An Interdisciplinary Approach

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Global health refers to all aspects of a system concerning health. It takes into account history and political economy to help us understand "the skewed distributions of wealth and illness around the globe" (Farmer). Medical anthropologists studying in this field analyze the contributions by such factors and work to solve health problems with "an interdisciplinary approach" (Farmer). Describing the forces that cause millions each year to fall ill to Malaria, a preventable and treatable disease, requires what Farmer calls a biosocial approach – analyzing how changing social structures that transcend national and other administrative boundaries affect health (Farmer). Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Widespread regional and international efforts to address Malaria began in the 1940s and 1950s, and strategies have evolved over time. From the early 1950s until 1978, Malaria was eliminated in parts of North America and Europe. A pandemic that was once common is now, for all purposes, non-existent in those same regions due to implementation of effective health care systems and strong economics. However, Malaria is still prevalent in resource poor countries, causing significant morbidity and mortality ("The Global Malaria Epidemic"). In 2010 an estimated 219 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 660,000 people died. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a developing country in the South Pacific with approximately seven million people in the South Pacific. It
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