Global Health And Climate Change

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The most significant global health issue in the United States (U.S.) and one that poses the most danger is climate change. Climate change is a major global health issue that many of us do not understand, do not take seriously, nor do not consider to be a major health concern. The link between global health and climate change has been confirmed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a risk to the health of the population and is now classified as one of the greatest health risks of the 21st century (WHO, 2016). Climate change is not just a danger to the environment, but a global threat to our health and it must be recognized as an emergent issue as our climate is becoming altered progressively faster than expected. At this time,…show more content…
Extreme heat threatens public health and increases the rate of deaths. • Reduced air quality: Fine particulate matter, exhausts, burning of fossil fuels, and pesticides are a few things that exert greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere affecting the climate change. Reduced air quality poses a great risk to public health and has been linked to asthma, heart and lung damage, respiratory diseases, and premature deaths. • Wildfires: The incidence of wildfires in the western U.S. has increased over the years. Climate changes are driving up temperatures effecting the levels of precipitation and moisture; thus, increasing the prevalence of wildfires. The smoke exposure from wildfires increase respiratory and cardiovascular infections. Wildfires also account for increased fatalities. • Vector-borne infectious disease: As the climate changes, temperatures increase, and precipitation levels rise, causing species patterns to change, such as those of mosquitos and ticks. In addition, it too introduces new pests and pathogens into new regions, such as the Zika virus, which has shown to be fatal to the human population. • Increased precipitation/food and waterborne diarrheal diseases: As we have seen recently with West Virginia, increasing precipitation can have devastating and deadly effects on the
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