Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

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International Maritime Organization (IMO) controls for the maritime safety, maritime security and marine pollution prevention. IMO regulates the Ship Reporting System (SRS) pursuant to International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). The introduction of Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) is changing communication method in the maritime distress incidents from the old wireless phone to the DSC (Digital Selective Calling) device.However, most coast stations still use the old method that is receiving Mayday through the voice call; coordination between wireless stations still need to be made . Large vessels under GMDSS can be rescued within short time since their location can be identified by the satellite EPIRB (Emergency Position Indication Radio Beacons). On the other hand, small vessels without GMDSS, which are the majorities of marine incidents, are neither obliged to equip any devices like EPIRB nor furnished with automatic notice devices. Thus, they only rely on a fishing wireless or cell phone to report maritime distress incidents. A problem is that a fishing wireless or cell phone cannot be a sufficient communication method for it can be out of service out at sea. As for the maritime distress incidents rates in Korea,vessels of 5 ton or less had 257 cases of incidents occupying 34% of all the incidents by vessels in 2008 (767 cases in 2008).Generally , Most vessels of 5 ton or less are operated by 1 person or a couple who are usually

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