Global Market For Sun Care Products

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A. Background Significance Global Market for Sun Care Products The global market for sun care products is expected to reach US $11.1 billion by 2020. While current sunscreen agents in the market protect against UVA and/or UVB rays, offering important protection from sunburn, photo aging, and DNA damage, these options can come with serious negative impacts on our health and the environment (2-5). Mycosporine Mycosporines & mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) are UV absorbing (λmax= 310 to 360 nm), small (<400 Da), colorless, water-soluble molecules that are synthesized by a variety of micro-organisms (e.g. aquatic fungi, eukaryotic algae, and cyanobacteria (1) and can get ingested by marine animals. Mycosporine and MAA structures consist of one or two modified amino acid residue(s) linked to a cyclohexenone core through imine linkages. Their conjugated system structure allows for them to screen UV rays and dissipate the energy as heat without generating free oxygen radicals. In addition, MAAs are known to provide additional protection from oxidative, osmotic and thermal stress. Due to the growing global market for sun care products and increasing consumer interest towards natural and environmentally conscious products, MAAs are great candidates for commercialization in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. For instance, shinorine is used as an active ingredient in sunscreen cream Helioguard 365, and is prepared through liposomal encapsulation of dried P. umbilicalis
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