Many things like high unemployment, different cultural traits and the spread of cities have created two totally different countries. The comparison between the two countries further the accuracy of the demographic transition model because it shows the different stages of development. For instance, South Africa has a high birth and death rate while the US has low birth rates and death rates showing that the US is more developed. We can see this by looking at the difference in things like unemployment rate and life expectancy. Overall the US is more developed than South Africa shown by the differences between things like population, culture and
Country will take the advantages from the demographic bonus if it can ensure all of the productive ages getting the suitable works. However the positive impacts for some developing contries which take a rarely good chance of demographic bonus by taking into account of plentiful natural resources that even have not been utilized yet. Developing countries nowadays has a conducive and encouraging situation such as the political stability and the economic strength that will constitute one of a few countries in the world that continues to obtain extensive boosts to their per capita incomes until 2030 and beyond as a consequence of to their changing age structures. Poverty may be compose as a consequence of a more favourable distribution of family
In developed countries the birth and infant mortality rate is lower than developing countries. With the developing countries having a higher birth rate they also have a higher infant mortality rate. It is difficult to predict the earth’s population growth because of the different stages a country might be in, or how fast they move from one to another. Stage one is preindustrial, this is when the birth rate is high but so is the death rate so the population is low. Stage two is the transitional stage where the birth rate is still high but health care has gotten better so the death rate has decreased and the population is skyrocketing. Stage three is the industrial stage this is when the birth rate is still increasing even though the death rate has stayed the same making the population still increase. In the final stage postindustrial the birth rates are very low because of birth control and people desiring smaller families. The death rate is still how and the population slowly
The demographic transition is a three-stage model of population growth in Europe. In the first stage there is a stable population because birth and death rates are both high. The second stage happens as mortality rates begin to slowly decline, but birth rates stay high. When this stage happens, there is fast population growth. During the third stage, the population is more stable as both birth and death rates are low and are more or less balanced. In more recent years, a fourth stage as been brought on by Anti-Malthusians. During this stage, population shrinkage occurs because the deaths begin to outnumber the births. Europe provides a great example to the theory of demographic transition. After speedy population growth of stage two, Europe settled at stage three with a stable population. It is currently in stage four with a shrinking population. In most European nations there are lesser births than deaths which could ultimately create other social problems.
Loss is defined as the experience of having something taken from you or destroyed (Loss, 2016). In the senior population losses become more common and frequent due to dwindling health circumstances, among other circumstances. “Functional losses experienced by the elderly include physical performance, balance, mobility, and muscle strength” (Nakano, Otonari, Takara, Carmo & Tanaka, 2014, p. 583). Situational or circumstantial losses may be the loss of a partner or the loss of a home due to being transferred into a retirement home or health care facility. Losses are enhanced by any diseases a person may have making it more difficult to deal with these losses. “Taking a look at diabetes; diabetes plays a key role in many individuals in the older adult population lives, more than 25% of adults over the age of 65 in America have been diagnosed with diabetes” (Kirkman, 2012, p. 2650). This disease alters the rate of which losses are experienced and in turn how the elderly grief over the loss. “Diabetic patients are more likely to experience depression and diabetic patients are more likely to undergo amputation from limb loss” (Spiess, McLemore, Zinyemba, Ortiz & Meyr, 2014, p. 1068). Being diagnosed with diabetes impacts every aspect of one’s life and creates difficulties in caring for oneself that need to be dutifully addressed.
Generally, social work is acclaimed as related to working with younger populations and handling abuse or neglect in the home. In television shows, you often see social workers entering the homes of children who experience abuse and removing them from the situation. While this can be part of the job description, social work is a diversified field with many career opportunities. Social workers specialize in a range of different areas based on client age and individual need. The social worker’s ethical job responsibilities are outlined in NASW’s Code of Ethics (1999). This paper will review these responsibilities in relation to aging populations and then focus directly on the social workers practice with aging
Demographic transition is the process by which a nation/country moves from high birth rate and high death rates to low birth and low death rates as the growth population in the interim (Weeks, 2005). Some of the nations that have gone through this transitions are; Canada, Germany, United States and England. The demographic transition to an industrialized society is harmful to the environment. Industrialized countries also have the largest ecological and carbon footprint comparative to developing/non-industrialized nations. Nevertheless, demographic transitions have some notable advantages. Countries that have gone through demographic transitions have low birth and death rates. Citizens in
The aging population creates a demographic shift. Since, China has a high aging population it has affected China culturally, socially and family. Families most important social support is family and the kin system that helps functioned family roles. As aging increases, fertility decreases due to families looking for more work and to live their lives doing other things rather than having babies. It will have a dramatic demographic transition in twenty years. Growing old before affluent. Birth control has also helped with lowering the birth rate. The demographic structure has also changed. In 1950 it held a perfect pyramid but as time goes on it shows how the youth became a shrinking population. One strategic solution is the one child policy which helps balance out the rapidly growing population and to help stimulate development. It restricts family size which help the aging population
Age Population means the population is mainly with older aged group (65 years and over). In another way, it was explained as age structure of a population shifted towards older ages, Gavrilov and Heuveline: 2003. When the majority population of a country or a region age 65 and above, its population is aging. Population aging is mainly favoured in industrialized countries, and slower in less developed countries.
The countries I decided to write about are Cambodia (1 least developed country), Brazil (Less developed country) and South Korea (developed country). During the 1980, Cambodia had a population pyramid that looked like a decent pyramid. The sides of the pyramids are kind of curved. This suggests that the rate of birth is growing at an exponential rate. However between the age 20-59, there seems to be less males than females. The 2050 Cambodia 2050 age pyramid starts too look less like a pyramid, and looks like a box with a small triangle on top. This suggests that the people are only have 2childrens per family, just enough to replace the parents. The sex ratio for 2050 Cambodia is favoring the women above the age of 45, especially after age of 70.
Demography is the study of the components of population variation and change. Death rate and birth rate are two determinants of population change. Theory of Demographic Transition is comparatively recent theory that has been accepted by several scholars throughout the world. This theory embraces the observation that all countries in the world go through different stages in the growth of population. A nation's economy and level of development is directly related to that nation's birth and death rates. Population history can be divided into different stages. Some of the scholars have divided it into three and some scholars have divided it into five stages. These stages or classifications demonstrate a
Europe provides a well-documented example of a developed region experiencing an aging population. Carone et al. (2005) say that over the coming decades, the number of people aged 65 and over in the EU is predicted to double, as a result the old age dependency ratio will change to 2:1, meaning that for every two people of working age there will be one aged 65 or older. The scale of the aging population is compounded by the region’s low fertility, with member states averaging 1.5 children per childbearing woman in 2004, well below the replacement rate. Carone, et al. (2005) point out that there are cultural and structural reasons for this, including high usage of birth control; higher female education attainment and
Over the period of the demographic transition, declines in fertility and mortality cause important changes in a population 's age composition. In general, countries in the early stages of the transition have a younger age structure than countries in the later stages. A changing age distribution has significant social and economic consequences, e.g. for the allocation of education, healthcare and social security resources to the young and old. Assessments of this impact often rely on the so-called age-dependency ratio (DR) that summarizes key changes in the