Global Position Sparks the Space Race

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Ever since man has been observing their surroundings, there has been a desire to go to the far reaches of our earth and out of our earth. Global Positioning Systems, or GPS, has allowed an easier way for people to know where the user is on our earth and to know that we put something into space. The space race sparked the knowledge that we could put a human object into space. The Russians were the first to do so in 1957 with their satellite, Sputnik. The Navy followed suit when they used a navigation system in 1960, which was called the TRANSIT system that consisted of five satellites, telling you your position once every hour. The Cold War sprung the military interest to fund the multi-billion dollar research of GPS to create a faster, more accurate global positioning system. Since the two pieces of data that GPS satellites send are time and location, it was very important for them to have a very accurate sense of time. In 1967, an atomic clock was entered into space to help satellites track time accurately. In 1972, a receiver was created to use satellite navigation systems. With this, all other global positioning system devices are based upon. A year later, the US military got together and focused on a strong plan to create a very accurate and robust global positioning system. The first GPS satellite type was identified as a Block I. It was successfully launched in 1978 and was designed to last five years. In 1983 a Korean airliner flight 007 veered off-course
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