Global Positioning System ( Gps )

2026 WordsOct 24, 20169 Pages
Global Positioning System (GPS) is a network of orbiting satellites that send precise details of their position in space back to earth. The technology was invented by the U.S. Department of Defense, Ivan Getting, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Gray 4). GPS is well-known for its military applications and was first used by the U.S. to aid in its global intelligence efforts during the Cold War (Gray 7). However, ever since the early 1980s, the GPS has been easily available to anyone with a GPS receiver. Shipping firms, Airlines, trucking companies, and drivers use this technology to track vehicles or follow the best route from one point to another in the shortest possible time. With a simple tap on a screen, an average individual can find their way via a complex system comprising of satellite technology. Although the GPS technology has its disadvantages, it offers numerous advantages, including job creation, improved economy, and precise military targeting. History of GPS Since it was first invented, the GPS technology has continuously been improved to match the demands of the current society. The first system had five satellites and allowed ships to check their location once every hour. As shown in table 2, acknowledging the need for a more sophisticated method of navigation, the U.S. Department of Defense implemented the next GPS with 24 satellites, launching the project by the 1990s (Sturm 12). Currently, the European Union is developing its GPS known as the
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