Global Public Health Treaty Of The Republic Of Ireland, China And Brazil

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Introduction

“Smoking kills. If you 're killed, you 've lost a very important part of your life.” The wise words of Brooke Shields. Though questionably phrased, Ms. Shields gets right to the heart of matters. Tobacco smoking kills almost half of its regular partakers, with one person dying every six seconds from tobacco-related causes (WHO, 2014). It is one of the world’s most devastating health threats and nations across the world are working to combat its effects in a number of manners, most particularly in the form of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This report will include a general overview of the FCTC and examine the implementation of its policies in Australia, the Republic of Ireland, China and Brazil. It will also include a brief overview of the smoking status of each of these countries.

The FCTC

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was devised in 2003 and inaugurated in the February of 2005. The global public health treaty was the first of its kind, attracting the signatures of 168 countries. The convention’s aims are stated as “…to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke.” (WHO, 2003). It requires participating countries to implement multisectoral measures related to a wide range of areas such as packaging, advertising, taxation and education. Ratified countries enter into a legally binding
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