Global Warming, Resource Scarcity, And High Energy Costs

2198 Words9 Pages
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1 INTRODUCTION According the 2010, Sustainability Report by the President and Chief Operating Officer of Bombardier transportation (André Navarri) [2], around the globe, everyone is faced with significant challenges including global warming, resource scarcity, and high-energy costs. Cities continue to exhibit explosive growth, leading to the pressing need for more effective transportation systems. Bombardier Transportation finds itself at the confluence of these environmental and social challenges. The report also mention that, in 2006, BT launched an integrated approach to align their operations with industry world-class standards and to formalize the sharing of best practices among all Bombardier…show more content…
The majority of articles are theoretical rather than practical in nature. In the recent years the number of experiential articles is increasing drastically compared to previous years [4]. Customized products describe manufacturing in the Twenty-first century. This has led to the complex production planning and control systems making mass production of goods interesting. Many organizations, particularly railway and automotive organizations, struggled in the new customer driven and globally competitive markets. These factors present a big challenge to organizations to look for new tools and methods to continue moving up the ladder in the changed market situation [5]. This creates more problems for new companies that are eager to break into the markets. Supply chain is one of the critical aspects that can make or break any company. The research will also concentrate on aspects of supply chain. 1.1 LEAN AND ITS PURPOSE Lean is an idea or process of creating value for customers by reducing waist. The increase of production output with less labour. The purpose is to be able to fulfil customers’ needs with less cost. The five Lean principles are: 1.1.1 SPECIFY VALUE FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE CUSTOMER This addresses the common way manufactures work by giving the customer what is convenient for the manufacture. The Twenty-first century demands and requirements from customers are complex
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