2003 Words9 Pages
What is ‘globalisation’ and is it good for society?

This essay explores the concept of globalisation and whether it is beneficial to society. The essay will consist of the introduction, conclusion and three sections. Section one will define the main terms. Section two will explore the advantages of globalisation and section three considers the criticisms of globalisation. The main thrust is presented, as globalisation is good for society even though it does have some significant and dire consequences.

This section looks to explore what globalisation is and define the main terms within the question. Globalisation is an abstract and complex idea; therefore it is difficult to have one general definition of the term. For some people
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‘In 1960, children made up 32% of the labor force in low-income countries. Forty years later, following the massive expansion in international trade, child labor in the same countries had declined to 19%.’ (Noonan, 2004)A prime example is Vietnam (1993), where following decisions to abolish export restrictions, (which constrained farmers ability to export rice) allowed Vietnamese exports to double by 1998. Due to exports increasing farmers gained more income. This resulted in parents sending their kids to school instead of having them work in rice production as they had better means to educate the family. In a study by Edmonds and Pavcnik they discovered that ‘between 1993 and 1998, 2.2 million children stopped working in Vietnam.’ The study further showed that due to rice price increases, children who had to deal with the largest burden of housework (girls aged 14-15) had a dramatic increase in school attendance at that age. However in urban areas the increase in rice prices caused child labour to increase due to additional burdens on households, as rice is a staple food source. (Pavcnik E. E.)

This next section explores the social costs of globalisation to society. There will be a discussion of three social factors even though there are plenty to choose from.

A major criticism of

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