Pilger based this book on the impact of globalisation in Indonesia, where the World Bank described it as a “model pupil” until it’s what was known as “globalised” economy collapsed in 1998. Since then, globalisation has made the world smaller. But not only has globalisation made the world smaller, it has made it interdependent. Globalization may seem like a good idea, get your products out there, make a lot of money, but it is really hurting our world as a whole and making it virtually “smaller”.
Many historians and sociologists have identified a transformation in the economic processes of the world and society in recent times. There has been an extensive increase in developments in technology and the economy as a whole in the twentieth century. Globalization has been recognized as a new age in which the world has developed into what Giddens identifies to be a “single social system” (Anthony Giddens: 1993 ‘Sociology’ pg 528), due to the rise of interdependence of various countries on one another, therefore affecting practically everyone within society.
The phrase of globalisation is becoming very popular around the world, and it gives free movement to communicate with people regarding cultural, economic, social, technological, political, educational and businesses. In the modern society globalisation has impacted on many human lives, which started in the western countries in (1492), according to Kevin H. O'Rourke, Jeffrey G. Williamson, and then it expanded all over the world. The word of globalisation can describe many different aspects such as globalisation of nothing, the making of the global society and the globalisation of wealthy and poor. According to Robert Shuey in (2001), ‘’globalisation is widely and somewhat loosely used a term, intended to describe the recent and rapid process of international, economic, social, and political integration’’. The idea of his words that globalisation is giving an opportunity to people, so they can travel, invest internationally, and communicate this can help many businesses people especially in Australia to invest more widely and internationally. Globalisation has impacted on Australian society in all terms of life, for instance, it has an enormous impact on health and education system, on technology, and on the Australian economy. But one of the categories is increasing so widely among Australian people who affect many young people’s lives is the impact of racism on the health and wellbeing of young Australians. The word racism is the very phenomenon aspect in the Australian society, especially between young people. On the very high percentage of many young Australians are experiencing racism between the nation, most of these racists are because of skin colour, cultural beliefs, different traditions from different countries, speaking another language and gender. Racism plays a significant role in the society, and many people are aware of this because when they face radical discrimination from any individual, they feel angry and frustrated, and sometimes they feel of not belonging to the local community.
The global village is vastly evident throughout all of society, moreso than ever before. As a result of the formation of this global village, there has been many consequences for society. With the rising coexistence of local and global communities, local society is adapting to suit the needs of the global village. Hence, there is a battle between the individual and the power of globalisation, as the world is becoming more connected. Rob Sitch’s 1997 film, ‘The Castle’, portrays the effects of the global village through the juxtaposition of the Kerrigan family to the Barlow group, a transnational corporation. The global village concept is also portrayed in CBC TV’s 1960 interview with Marshall McLuhan, ‘The World is a Global Village’.
“Globalisation is not only something that will concern and threaten us in the future, but something that is taking place in the present” (Beck, 2003). Globalisation is vastly altering the world we live in, overseeing development, nation-building, resource extraction and the restructuring of landscapes into areas of intense production to meet the ever-growing demands of global capitalism. In reality, these forces have resulted in radical environmental transformations and the deterritorialisation and marginalisation of populations, and the meanings they inscribe upon landscapes. Whilst Karner argues for the relevance of religion in today’s globalised society, as discourses of political resistance, as anxiety-coping mechanisms, and as
Diversity ultimately allows different races, ethnic groups, cultures, religious backgrounds and viewpoints. Immigrants are known as minorities because they make up less than 50 percent of the United States population. “We’re getting a lot of the best and brightest from other countries, and of course these people benefit the U.S economy because they are driven to improve their lots” and are more likely to start businesses, says Bronwyn Lance (Masci). Not only was ethnicity becoming a concern, “the US government was also concerned with the moral compositions of the population,” which led to passing laws restricting the immigration of “prostitutes, criminals, the mentally ill, and financially unstable persons” (Issitt and Walter). High morals are essential for having a healthy growth process for the country, which limits the persons coming in. An example of high moral is seen through the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, demonstrating “the dangers of open borders through which illegal immigrants can enter the United States in large numbers” (Boman and Cushman). Continuing the open border would allow our country to lose the foundations the forefathers instilled in the fabric of our society. Throughout the growth of our country, the government had a concern “about the potential for foreign laborers to negatively affect
Since 9/11, support for multiculturalism has dropped in many liberal states like Australia and Britain. In many western democracies Muslims are perceived as potential terrorists who carry illiberal practices and are unable to embrace the values and norms of the liberal system. In Britain, multiculturalism was blamed for the atrocities caused by the terrorist attacks of London 2005. More recently the issue of ISIS has created lots of worries in Britain and the country seems to suffer from not only a multiculturalism crisis but also an identity crisis. Prime Minister David Cameron made it clear in his speech in a security conference held in Munich 2011 that the policies of multiculturalism that were applied in the past have created a fragmented
This can be verified in the fact that, communication is a lot simpler with the development of technology and we share each other's cultures and life experiences through travel and the importation and exportation of goods. As a result we are living in a huge global economy, where if something happens in one part of the world it can have a rippling effects worldwide. This process is referred to as globalisation. This was validated by Middens (1990:64) who argued that “globalisation can be described as the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away” (Smith, M. K. and Doyle M. 2002). This proclamation, can be evidenced by occurrences of the early 1970’s, which saw a decline in the manufacturing industry which affected major inner cities, both in the UK and in the USA. During this period cities such as Chicago, Philadelphia and New York lost more than fifty percent of their manufacturing industry. It may also be accepted that the impact of this decline had a detrimental effect on subordinate communities, consequently permitting the social divisions and income inequality between the rich and the poor during the latter part of the twentieth century to become steadily wider. In addition, these occurrencese resulted in greater social problems in the inner cities, an increase in poverty and petty crime (Wilson,
After viewing the image, “September 11,” it is interesting to consider how diverse the United States became after the terroristic attack of “9/11;” meaning, how much the country changed regarding the public’s attitudes and how the government reacted to such a tragedy after the initial shock wore off. Therefore, this image goes along with the chapter title, Diversity in Today’s World, because before “9/11” the U.S. was more open and trusting to immigrants coming into the country; however, after viewing this image, the reality is that this country changed from trusting to a form of hatred and fear overnight due to great tragedy that would ultimately create diversity in today’s world.
In many ways, Bill McKibben's work of non-fiction, Deep Economy, offers an antithesis to globalization. Whereas the founding principle of globalization is to make processes for commerce international, thereby reducing the world to a single 'global village', McKibben largely advocates the opposite approach within this manuscript: localization. In fact, the author implicitly and explicitly states that globalization is producing a number of noxious effects that can only be rectified by localization. The international and national economies that globalization is based upon is not only slowly draining monetary resources, but also the very fostering of globalization via remote communication (such as the internet or wireless devices) is actually serving to alienate people from those who they are closet to their neighbors. Within Deep Economy, however, the author posits the viewpoint that a monetary approach based on local economics can not only conserve what remaining natural, cheap sources of energy that are still left on the planet, but also create a true sense of community that can empower and ultimately bring fulfillment to the lives of the people who participate in it.
Globalisation has had such negative consequences for women and children that some commentators argue that 'globalisation is a man'.2 They point to the way ...
Every society has different views on cultural diversities and the ways in which they should be accepted. Multiculturalism is defined as ‘the embrace of an inclusive, diverse society’ (Malik K., 2015). In the past, multiple countries around the world, particularly those in Europe, have embraced multiculturalism through generally relaxed entry for immigrants. Overtime however, things have changed for these multicultural countries. This is evident through the establishment of multiple multicultural policies by governments in Europe, and the increase in standards for citizenship in countries such as Germany, France and UK. Even in Australia, ‘multiculturalism, Australian identity, immigration and ethnicity are concepts that are frequently and intensely
The end of the Cold War brought about the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, paving the way for an unprecedented new paradigm – one characterised by the end of hostilities between the two dominant ideologies: Soviet communism and American liberal capitalism. This dominant new paradigm encouraged the homogenisation of ideas, in the form of exchanging ethos and values along former cultural, ideological and geographical divides. As such, this integration of world societies has earned the title ‘globalisation’, forcing the global community to appear so united as to warrant the metaphor of a global village. (Note: This paragraph pains me to read – I will eventually re-write it.)
After World War II, some ambitious leaders advocated the establishment of an effective mechanism to stabilize the world order. One of the ways to maintain the international order is to prevent the disintegration of the world economy (Seitz, 1995, p. 26). Under such a background, the World Trade Organization (WTO) was founded, and then accelerated the development of economic globalization. As there is an inseparable relationship between economy and culture, the more the trend of economic globalization accelerates, the faster the trend of various culture globalization blends (Seitz, 1995, p. 27). Collisions between various cultures may have different consequences. Some scholars think that the long-term results of culture clash might lead to
The theory of globalization today is a field of intensive debate as the efforts towards defining globalization most often highlight its individual aspects. According to Held and McGrew (1999), “globalisation is an idea whose time has come, yet it lacks precise definition”. Despite the ambiguity of the term “globalisation,” the use of the term, according to Held and McGrew, reflects increased interconnectedness in political, economic and cultural matters across the world creating a shared social space. Given this inter-connectedness, globalisation may be defined as: “a process which embodies a transformation in the spatial organisation of social relations and