Globalisation and Environmental Issues

2843 Words Feb 25th, 2018 11 Pages
Many scholars have asked whether we are living in a globalised world or whether it should be renamed internationalism, with nations driving the interlinking through governments. Others claim that globalisation has nothing to do with government control but rather is controlled by market forces, led by the multi- national corporations (Held & McGrew 2003).
Globalisation is seen as a mechanism in opening borders and allows for the flow of goods, services, money, people, information and culture (Held & McGrew 1996). Anthony Giddens asserts that globalisation is a ‘decoupling’ or ‘distanciation’ between space and time while political scientist Mittelman (1996) cites it as a compression of space and time, a shrinking of the world. Sociologist Castells (1996) believes globalisation is “an economy with the capacity to work as a unit in real time on a planetary scale” (p.92). While all these point to a smaller interconnected world that allows for open trade and access to all it should then be a positive facet of globalisation. The research however shows quite a different scenario, one where the shrinking of the world leads to an unequal divide between the rich and poor and equally a depletion of the world’s resources.
The only winners of globalisation are the wealthy nations. Globalisation just as capitalism benefits wealthy societies confirming the old adage “the rich get richer…
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