Globalization and European Integration: Eroding the Sovereignty of the Nation State in Europe

1615 Words Nov 13th, 2013 7 Pages
European Politics
Discuss the proposition that globalisation and European integration have eroded the sovereignty of the nation state in Europe
The essay begins by looking at the aspect of globalisation, before considering the thoughts and functionality of European integration leading to a ‘supernation’ Europe. ‘Sovereignty refers to the ultimate source of authority in society. The sovereign is the highest and final decision-maker within a community.’ Hague & Harrop (2007). Comparative Government and Politics. London: Palgrave. 17. ‘Walters (2000) defines globalisation as ‘’ a process in which the constraints of geography on social and cultural arrangements recede and in which people become increasingly aware that they are receding’’
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Oxon: Routledge. 153-155.It is disputed that the divided sovereignty between national states throughout Europe actually decreases the efficiency of decision making as it can take over a year for a policy to be passed. ‘Transnational level’ is integration between ‘supernational’ and ‘national’ levels where officials of both institutions can discuss potential changes or new policies. This allows representatives of the national state to express their policies that are most accommodating to their specific country. Members of parliament can suggest policies but the implementation of these consequently relies on the best interests of the European Union. This therefore restricts the national state’s sovereignty and limits them potentially to what they wish to achieve individually as a country. Essentially it can be looked upon as a state being tied into multinational bonds that bring with it alternative objectives.
As confirmed in the article United States of Europe ‘The European Union 's motto is "In varietate concordia", which is officially translated as "United in diversity" and this reflects how unique each state is that makes up Europe. Strong European integration in the future does have many positive aspects attached to it but would complete European integration ruin the sovereignty each country has built up over the years? From one end of Europe to the other there are vast differences in the ideologies, histories and cultures, religions and ethnics and