Globalization and the Environment

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AN ASSIGNMENT BY ITOHOWO SAM DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO. SUBMITTED TO PROF. I.E. UKPONG DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY AND REGIONAL PLANNING UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO. MAY, 2012. INTRODUCTION Globalization (or globalisation) refers to the increasing global relationships of culture, people, and economic activity. It is generally used to refer to economic globalization: the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas and the reduction of restrictions on the movement of capital and on investment. Globalization may contribute to economic growth in…show more content…
GLOBALIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES Environmental challenges such as climate change, cross-boundary water and air pollution and over-fishing of the ocean, require trans-national/global solutions. Since factories in developing countries increased global output and experienced less environmental regulation, globalism substantially increased pollution and impact on water resources. State of the World 2006 report said India and China's high economic growth was not sustainable. The report stated: The world's ecological capacity is simply insufficient to satisfy the ambitions of China, India, Japan, Europe and the United States as well as the aspirations of the rest of the world in a sustainable way In a 2006 news story, BBC reported, "...if China and India were to consume as much resources per capita as United States or Japan in 2030 together they would require a full planet Earth to meet their needs. In the longterm these effects can lead to increased conflict over dwindling resources and in the worst case a Malthusian catastrophe. The advent of global environmental challenges that might be solved with international cooperation include climate change, cross-boundary water and air pollution, over-fishing of the ocean, and the spread of invasive species. Since many factories are built in developing
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