Goals Centered Theory, Cognitive Behavioral Theory And Choice Theory Essay

1082 Words5 Pages
Classroom management can be based on a number of researched theories or models. Research has shown that when incidents requiring behaviour to be managed increase, learning will decrease (Funnell, 2009, p. 482), therefore highlighting the importance for the teacher to implement successful strategies to restrict problem behaviour. This Essay will discuss strengths and weaknesses of three possible theories a teacher can use to manage a classroom and the student’s behaviour. The theories to be discussed will include; Goal Centered Theory, Cognitive behavioural theory and Choice theory. Goal Centered Theory is a social discipline model of Rudolf Dreikurs that was influenced by social phycologist Alfred Alder (Old Dominion University, 2016). The underpinning idea to this theory is that students have a democratic say in classroom discipline and milieu. The teachers aim is to meet to students’ ‘needs satisfaction’ by focussing on their social “relationships, feelings, thoughts and behaviours” (Lyons, Ford & Slee, 2014, p. 24) in a democratic way making sure that students feel both valued and ‘like they belong’. By meeting these needs in a democratic way teachers will not only gain more respect from their students but will also give their students a feeling of self-worth (Grandmont, 2002, p. 241). This approach is based on the belief that students take responsibility for controlling their behaviour and that they have the ability to make responsible decisions (Grandmont, 2002, p. 4).
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