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Gould and Lewontin's Essay 'The Spandrels of San Marco'

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Contemporary science has assimilated the bigotry views that it hoped to fend off. The scientific community, their ideas and perceptions, account for the accepted scientific beliefs rather than the perpetual, and actual scientific theories. Gould and Lewontin's essay "The Spandrels of San Marco" is about an adaptationist programme and how it has taken over evolutionary belief in England and the United States during the past forty years. The people believe in the power of natural selection as a key mechanism of evolution. The writers don’t see eye to eye with this thought and are trying to reassert a competing theory that organisms must be seen as integrated wholes. Gould and Lewontin show their explanations for a pluralistic perspective of…show more content…
Throughout the rest of "Spandrels" there is repetitive usage of the this connotation, that adaptation is the only paradigm for science. Adaptation is elevated in status when the authors refer to the works done by naturalists; the word choices of these experimenters place natural selection as the perfect culmination of traits. Whereas as Gould and Lewontin's beliefs do not strictly follow one model for nature; rather it incorporates all possibilities.
Gould and Lewontin also use quotations to further explain the pluralistic perspective of the evolutionary theory. They refer to "the paleontology article[, which] ends with a long quotation from Count (1947)" (Myers, 269). The goal that Gould and Lewontin go for referring to this event is having a reader decide whether to "take it as a prescient forerunner of Gould’s opinion or as a dated belief now superseded” (Myers, 269). That is to say whether following pluralism is the opinion of Gould or something necessary for science to advance and move forward. Gould and Lewontin use the example of fingerprints at the end of their essay to get the readers to really consider the impacts that adaptation has had;
Then I spoke of the failure to discover the origin of these patterns, and how the fingers of unborn children had been dissected to ascertain their earliest stages, and so forth.
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