Gov Notes

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Chapter 1, Section 1 Notes * Government is the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. * Public policies are all of those things a government decides to do that ranges from taxation, defense, education, crime, health care, transportation, environment, civil rights, and working conditions. * Legislative power is the power to make law and to frame public policies. * Executive power is the power to execute, enforce, and administer law. * Judicial power is the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society. * Dictatorship is a form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority. *…show more content…
* Second Continental Congress: in 1775, each of the 13 colonies sent representatives to this gathering in Philadelphia. It served as the first government of the United States from 1776 to 1781. * On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. * Between 1776 and 1777, most of the States adopted constitutions instead of charters. * The Articles of Confederation established “a firm league of friendship” among the states. * Powers of the Article of Confederation was that Congress was given power to declare war, deal with national financial issues, and settle disputes among the States. Obligations of the Article of Confederation was that States promised to obey Congress, and to respect the laws of the other States. Most other powers were retained by each States. * Some of the weakness of the Articles of Confederation was the one vote for each States, regardless of size; no executive to enforce acts of Congress, and no national court system. * Representatives from Maryland and Virginia met at Mount Vernon, Virginia, in 1785 to discuss trade issues. * The meeting was so successful that the Virginia General Assembly requested a meeting of all thirteen States, which eventually became the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. * The
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