Essay Government

1525 Words7 Pages
According to Hobbes the need to create a form of government arises from fulfilling the need of security. In order for government to provide this security, it is necessary for government to be able to use its authority in any way it pleases. Locke and Mill on the other hand believe that government should be able to provide security for its citizens, but in order to do this government does not need to be large rather it should be limited. Thus, the question arises of how limited government should be in order to provide security. In this case, should government be able to use its authority in any way it pleases as Hobbes argues or should there be a limit placed on governmental power as argued by Locke and Mill? I believe that a powerful…show more content…
However, Hobbes believes that in order for a form of government to be created we must assign a single person to have authority (Hobbes 175). The sovereign, once assigned has total power – absolute authority. It is only when we are willing to step out of the state of nature by giving authority to an individual do we create a form of government. This constructs a trade off between freedom and order. Hobbes says that in order for this trade off to be accomplished government needs to be gigantic. Mill, on the contrary, has a view of government that is similar to that of Locke’s rather than that of Hobbes. The difference between Mill and Locke or Hobbes is that for Mill the State of Nature does not exist, that is to say that Mill assumes that authority has already and always existed (Mill 631). The way government should operate and how it should be run is where Hobbes, Locke and Mill differ. Hobbes believes that basically equal makes unequal meaning that, one person should be the sovereign and run government. Locke on the other hand believes that not a single person should be in charge of government but rather a group. The power should be located in an institution rather than a single person (Locke 313). For Mill on the other hand, it does not really matter who governs just how much governing is being carried out. Hobbes believes that the ruler, in
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