Government and Economics in China Essay example

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China is one of the most populous countries of the world with over 1.3 billion people and covering a geographical area of about 9.6 million square kilometres. It lies on the eastern end of the large Asia continent and enjoys a remarkably long coastline. It has a large economy, given the large population and a wide array of natural resources especially mineral resources which are the backbone of its economy. With a well cultivated constitution that was put in place by the largest political party, the Communist Party of China (CPC), China has reforms underway aimed at closing the otherwise wide gap between the rich and the poor. The country suffers employment deficit, despite having one of the world’s largest economy. The
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The legal system of Chinese government has lately disapproved abuse of official authority. With the adoption of a new constitution in 1982 under which any state official must be of high integrity and accountability, foreign investors feel safe and assured that their efforts are standing on firm foundation.
The government of China has for ages had respect for human rights and has made several campaigns as a step towards bringing its human rights into conformity with international norms (Barboza 2010. Davis 2007). However, in practice, these rights are somehow limited to personal level module as the government does not readily allow assemblies and restricts the freedom of expression and the press. Religion freedom is also under restriction although the underway restriction efforts have not been as successful.
The major economic activity is agriculture and the largest portion of the immense population of China engages in agriculture related activities. This is of enormous significance because a country with such a large population definitely requires a stable source of food. However, only 10% of the country’s land cover provides viable land for meaningful agricultural production. While this activity is highly mechanized, virtually all cultivatable land is put under production of food crops (Child 2009). Surprisingly, China produces enough agricultural products for local consumption and too, for export. China is a well industrialized country.

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