Government in Ancient Greece and Rome Essay example

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Classical education is arguably one of the most influential educations in American history. Not only does it allow the student to study great literature of Ancient Greek and Roman writers, but allows them to develop both written and spoken language while learning of great men and their achievements. Without the knowledge of the past, it is impossible to look forward toward the future. To be considered an educated person in today’s society, it is imperative that one possesses an understanding of ancient Greek and Roman civilization. The Founding Fathers of our nation believed this and used their knowledge acquired through classical education when developing the system of government we have in place today. This essay will look at the …show more content…
Peace was achieved when reorganization of the government took power from noble families and distributed it among the citizens. The reformed government of Athens included three major bodies: the Assembly, the Council of 500, and the People’s Court. Cleisthenes, the founder of Athenian Democracy, formed ten tribal groups throughout Athens. Each of the ten tribal groups contained an Assembly. All male Athenian citizens were members of the Assembly. They would meet regularly for discussion and vote on issues that influenced all aspects of Athenian life. As an incentive to participate in the Assembly, citizens would be paid for their involvement in the Assembly. This allowed even the poorest of people to take time from their work to have a hand in government policy. Each year 50 citizens would be sent by the 10 tribes of Athens to serve on the Council of 500. The Council served as an advisory board for the Assembly. Although its’ main function was to set the agenda for the Assembly, it would sometimes issue decrees on its own. In the People’s Court, juries were composed of citizens who would listen to and debate upon cases to determine whether their fellow citizens were innocent or guilty of breaking Athenian laws. If the jury found the citizen to be guilty of a crime, they would issue a punishment. After the codification of Draconian Law, most offenses resulted in the death penalty. "And Draco himself, they
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