This essay uses a constructivism lens to explore and understand the change in Australia’s immigration and asylum policies, specifically Operation Sovereign Borders (OBS). It examines how formal and informal rules shape trade negotiations with a specific focus on the Trans-Pacific Partnership. A two-fold argument is presented as a consequence. First, the self-interests of actors compromise the rules that would allow for collective action in trade negotiations. Second, rational choice theory is a much more effective lens for studying trade because it gives us more understanding of those self interests.
According to UNHCR, a refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries. When people flee their own country, and seek sanctuary in another country, they apply for asylum – the right to be recognized as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. An asylum seeker must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is
Political unrest and local war happens around the world all the time. Many people live in a dangerous situation and suffered from violence. Hence, large amount of asylum seeker undertakes a huge perilous, try to cross the ocean and arrive Australia. To deal with this issue, Australian government enacted mandatory detention policy and offshore processing policy, these policies become highly contentious in the community with many arguments and criticisms. This report will focus on the nature and purpose of these immigration policies and the impact towards the asylum seeker as well as the criticism form international. To propose some advice about how the future policies should be framed.
A refugee is a person who was forced to leave their country. Whether it be from warfare or natural disaster, their homes are no longer safe to live in, so they need to relocate elsewhere. Once someone sets foot on the journey of becoming a refugee, they become vulnerable and dependent with no sense of what the future will bring. In an attempt to accommodate them, first world countries with the resources necessary to assist these refugees, are struggling to determine whether or not they should step-in and help. Some argue that taking them in could come with excessive consequences, while others believe they could be assets. Although there may be a few consequences, they are outweighed by the benefits and undeniable severity of the situation.
Throughout the world, there is an estimate of about 65.3 million refugees that have either been forced out of their homes or chose to willingly escape the violence or corruption they faced in their homeland. Of those millions of people, only a small percentage are given the status of refugee as many nations have strict requirements and only allow a specific amount each year. This leads to an increase in the amount of illegal immigration as many are desperate to risk their lives to for a better one then they had back home. Even as refugees are given asylum, many often face difficulties such as discrimination due to the racial stereotypes that exist as a result of negative depictions in the news and media. Although nations have generally become more open to receiving and providing aid for a significant amount of refugees seeking asylum, people’s ideology of race and the misrepresentation of the media towards immigrants prevent an even larger amount of refugees from being accepted into society.
The Australian Human Rights Commission headed an inquiry into the children living conditions in detention centres and through this inquiry accumulated evidence of human rights breaches, breached by to Australian Government in relation to children. One such area they documented was concerning the provision of clothing and footwear provided to children. After conducting this inquiry they found that the delivery of essential goods was inadequate for many children in detention centres. A 13 year-old girl living on Nauru explained her struggles living with little clothing,
Many flee as a result of faith based persecution, others for their race, sexual category, or maybe ethnicity while a few precede due to their politics stances, faith based affiliations or maybe social rank. This kind of exploration will probably focus on problems faced by simply Asylum seekers in addition to whether or not they need to be permitted within formulated international locations (Australia) along with the honest factor of the Australian federal government insurance policy in asylum seekers. The following paragraphs shed light on the ethical discussion for this circumstance.
The prominence in relation to Asylum Seekers and Refugees has become a contemporary issue within Australian society and has amounted vast controversy in the media. A Refugee can be defined as a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster as found in the 1951 convention relating to the status of refugees, in which Australia is a signatory to. Every refugee has or will be an asylum seeker. An Asylum Seeker is a person who has left their home country as a political refugee seeking asylum in another but has not had their claim assessed. Asylum seekers have experienced serious breaches of their rights, religious freedom and justice to reach safety. If asylum seekers are found to be
Asylum Seeker policy has become key political battleground in recent times. This stems from the end of Australia’s ‘White Australia’ policy in the 1970s; a policy which saw restrictions placed on non-European migration for over 70 years (Crock & Berg, 2011). Following the conclusion of the Vietnam war, a myriad of boats arrived in Australia, carrying asylum seekers from south east Asia. This lead to a stark increase in public concern over the arrivals and consequently, the term ‘boat people’ was born and spread through the media and public/political discourses alike (Grewcock, 2009).
Member states are prohibited from engaging in scare tactics against asylum seekers. Those scare tactics may take the form of letters or advertisements that state the probability of gaining asylum for a certain profile of perople is very unlikely, and their forced deportation decisions are very fast. Moreover, detention and purposeful delay of docuents, decisions, and procedures of said profile of people is also considered a scare tactic. In the case of minors, even the implication of deportation and removal without first assessing the application is prohibited. The offerring of money to leave the territory of the member state is also prohibited.
Australia, one of the countries which drafted the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, has been criticized by its asylum seekers policies in recent years. This criticism comes from public medias and NGOs both inside and outside of the countries and exerts pressure for the Australian government and politicians. The discordant opinions toward Australia’s asylum seekers policies caused intense domestic as well as international relationship of Australia, and the medias play as an important inflammatory role during the recent process.
Refugees, asylum seekers and UASC are terms which are often used interchangeably but have different legal definitions (Ruxton, 1996). For the purpose of this assignment it is important to differentiate between these terms. A refugee is a person "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country…" (Article 1 of the United Convention of Human Rights, 1951). An asylum seeker is “a person who has left their country of origin, has applied for recognition as a refugee in
To sum up, there are a number of factors giving rise to the social problems faced by refugees today. Democratic countries should accept refugees on duty. On the political front, it is an obligation to preserve human rights for refugees. In the social aspect, refugee is a serious problem that every country should concern with. Furthermore, refugees will promote the economic development in some extent. Government should accept people because it isan
This issue was chosen due to its scope. The Syrian refugee crisis is among a list of issues that will not only shape the world in 2016 but also dominate news outlets in upcoming years. Because of the despairing situation, many governments are struggling to find ways to handle the rush of individuals seeking asylum, for the fact that it seems the crisis is worsening. In addition, the media coverage on the topic sparked my interest and led me to research information because I had no idea what was occurring and the detriment of the issue.