Gp Answer Paper of a Level

2587 Words Oct 27th, 2011 11 Pages
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE Joint Examination for the Higher School Certificate and General Certificate of Education

Additional materials: Answer paper

8001/1, 2
2 hours 40 minutes


2 hours 40 minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write your name, Centre number, candidate number and paper number (1 or 2) in the spaces provided on the answer paper/answer booklet. Answer two questions. Answer one question from Paper 1 and one question from Paper 2. Write your answers on the answer paper. Begin your answer to Paper 2 on a new and separate sheet of paper. At the end of the examination, hand in your answers to Paper 1 and Paper 2 separately. If you are unable to answer a
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For example, there is less mass in the Universe than predicted. While some have confidently expected that the ‘missing mass’ would be located, it has yet to be found. Could the next few years throw up a completely new theory of how the Universe started? Robotics and artificial intelligence, commonly known as AI, are two related fields of research which promise much. One of the best known schemes is the Cog Project – a humanoid robot that can act, talk and even look like a person. Hans Moravec, an AI pioneer, believes that by 2030 robots will be able to visualise tasks and assess the consequences of their actions. By 2040 robots should be able to reason at least as efficiently as people. Moravec even envisages a world where robots will display ‘superhuman reasoning’. By 2050, emotions will be commonplace because they will help machines to bond with their human masters. All this, however, raises an intriguing question: will robots be so similar to us that they, too, will start wondering where they came from? As well as showing awareness of the world, will they be aware of themselves? In other words, will they be self-conscious? By the middle of the next century, we may even begin to wonder whether such advanced robots, with their enormous mental capacities and physical strength, pose a threat to their human inventors. The cyborg – the fusion of man and machine – is another plausible prospect in our lifetime. Doctors have already devised silicon chips
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