Grade 10 History Notes

3557 WordsJun 14, 201215 Pages
The Age of Laurier Wilfred Laurier, Prime Minister (1896-1911) • Canada dominated by Victorian Ideals -Children seen, but not heard -Young couples could not meed without escort -Gentlemen & Ladies wore hats -Ladies entertained at home, always observing best etiquitte -Playing cards and whiskey seen as immoral • New technology altered life for many -Telephone -Automobile-rich man’s toy -Bicycle- New styles; cheaper than a horse -Radio -Mechanized farms: combines, threshers -”Magic Lantern” shows projected images (like slides) • Immigration -”Open door policy” encouraged people to settle in west -Free Land -European nations targeted -Many races turned away; Canada not yet multicultural • Why immigrate? -Push factors:…show more content…
Fewer defenses, can capture Paris, making France fall What Happened? • The plan was put into action in August 1914 • BUT, it didn’t work • Germany was halted 40km short of Paris What Went Wrong? • Those pesky Belgians resisted (imagine!) • The British didn’t stay neutral. Instead, they arrived in time to help the French. • The Russians moved quickly to pressure Germany in the East The Result: The Western Front • Two lines of trenches stretched across Western Europe where WWI was fought. ________________________________________ Canada’s Response to War Prime Minister Robert Borden: promised 25,000 soldiers in support of the Allies • Created the CEF (Canadian Expeditionary Force) • 33,000 immediately volunteered • 100,000 enlisted by June 1915 • All were trained under supervision, the minister of militia, Sam Hughes • Trained in Valcartier, Quebec What did Canadians Expect? • Fun, adventure • Return as heroes with stories to tell • Travel to exotic places • Make a good living • “Home by Christmas” ________________________________________ The Battles of the First World War 1. Second Battle of Ypres -April 1915 -Ypres, Belgium -Defensive Battle against German gas attack -Germans released chlorine gas, then attacked -First poison gas attack of war (showing the dangers of modern warfare) -6000 wounded, captured, or killed -Inspired the poem “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae -Canadians proved themselves
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