Grammar Translation Method

2074 Words Oct 29th, 2012 9 Pages
The Grammar - Translation Method[1] Introduction As the names of some of its leading exponents suggest (Johann Seidenstucker, Karl Plotz, H. S. Ollendorf, and Johann Meidinger), Grammar translation was the offspring of German scholarship[2], the object of which according to one of its less charitable critics, was "to know everything about something rather than the thing itself" (W. H. D. llouse, quoted In Kelly 1969: 53). Grammar Translation was in fact first known in the United States as the Prussian Method. (A book by B. Sears, an American classics teacher, published in 1845 was entitled The Ciceronian or the Prussian Method of Teaching the Elements of the Latin Language [Kelly 1969].) The Grammar-Translation Method is not …show more content…
Students' study of the foreign culture is limited to its literature and fine arts. ▪ An important goal is for students to be able to translate each language into the other. If students can translate from one language into another, they are considered successful language learners. ▪ The ability to communicate in the target language is not a goal of foreign language instruction. ▪ The primary skills to be developed are reading and writing. Little attention is given to speaking and listening, and almost none to pronunciation. ▪ The teacher is the authority in the classroom. It is very important that students get the correct answer. ▪ It is possible to find native language equivalents for all target language words. ▪ Learning is facilitated through attention to similarities between the target language and the native language. ▪ It is important for students to learn about the form of the target language. ▪ Deductive application of an explicit grammar rule is a useful pedagogical technique. ▪ Language learning provides good mental exercise. ▪ Students should be conscious of the grammatical rules of the target language. ▪ Wherever possible, verb conjugations and other grammatical paradigms should be committed to memory. Reviewing the Principles The principles of the Grammar-Translation Method are organized below by answering the ten questions. Not all the questions are addressed by the
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