Graphic Design Of The Bauhaus School

2872 Words Dec 3rd, 2014 12 Pages
Typography has evolved throughout recent centuries to become one of the most exciting and adaptable forms of communication in graphic design. One of the most important stepping stones in the development of typography was the ground-breaking art school called the Bauhaus. During this remarkable period of change, nestled between the two World Wars, the Bauhaus helped to break the limits of traditional text and paved the way for modern typographic design.
This innovative art school was opened in 1919 by Walter Gropius - an architect who believed that the collaboration of all arts and crafts practices, under the same establishment, was an essential demand. Gropius wanted to combine art and technology and in doing so, marry ‘culture and civilisation’ to improve the living standards of ordinary German citizens. Prior to this time a wave of modernisation had transformed Germany from an agrarian nation to an industrial nation. However the once efficient German industry was now devastated with economic crisis and lack of national morale as the country’s reputation was destroyed after the First World War. In opening the Bauhaus school, Gropius employed nationalistic aims as he hoped to restore the spirit of Germany and its industrial reputation through design. In some ways he shared values with the 19th Century Arts and Crafts movement, as he wanted to restore the quality of production and promote the use of authentic, economic materials. Despite this, Gropius embraced the machine…
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