Greater Demand for Energy in the World

951 WordsFeb 18, 20184 Pages
Demand for energy is increasing every day due to the rapid growth of population and urbanization (Kalayasiri, 1996). According to International Energy Agency (IEA) (2009) data from 1990 to 2008, the average energy use per person increased 10% while world population increased 27%. About 80% of this energy demand is delivered from fossil fuels with the consequence of an increase of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere that provokes serious climate changes from global warming. The world today is heavily dependent on fossil fuels. The global increase in carbon dioxide concentration is due primarily to fossil fuel use and land use change, while those of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to agriculture (IPCC, 2007). Ethiopia belongs to the non-oil exporting less developed countries of Africa. Ethiopia imports all of its petroleum products and the demand for petroleum fuel is rising rapidly due to the growing economy of about 10% GDP growth and infrastructure development. In the second quarter of 2007/08, petroleum imports exceeded export earnings by 30%. With the recent trends and volatility of oil prices, the country has been forced to develop a biofuel strategy to mitigate the impacts of imported oil on its economy. The strategy encourages the diversification of energy supplies in the transport sector; therefore, biofuel offers significant opportunities for Ethiopia (MME, 2007). Ethiopia’s demand for electricity and petroleum fuels will grow at 11.6 and 9.3
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