Greek History Essay

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Greek History

The Ancient Greek civilization was located on the same land Greece is now, Ionian Islands, Asia Minor, South Italy, and Sicily. It is surrounded mountains and in the north by water. The Ionian and the Aegean seas, together with natural islands and bays, gave the Greeks the opportunity to develop their high level of commerce and their rich culture. The mountains, which surrounded Greece, gave them the advantage of being well protected.

From earlier times, the Geeks lived in independent settlements, and they were isolated from one another. Later, these settlements grew into bigger cities and/or formed city-states. The Greek civilization has made great contributions in many areas to western society. Greek Scientists have
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Later the Greek fled into the sea on boats and planned a trap for the evil army. They managed a surprise attack by ramming the Persian ships thus creating the end of the war. Athens had led the city states to victory, but Greece still suffered the enormous lose the Spartans had.

Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, was born in July 356B.C. in Pella, Macedonia. He was one of the greatest military geniuses in known history, he had every battle planned out to the most crucial detail and left nothing to chance. His father, Philip II of Macedon, was a brilliant ruler and strategist. As his mother, Olympias, princess of Epirus, was pregnant they could foresee that the child would have the heart of a line and the will of and eagle. Even as a Young boy Alexander was fearless and strong, both physically as also mentally. At the age of 12, he tamed a horse that none other could ride.

Alexander’s teacher Leonidas taught him the way of the Spartans so he turned into a militaristic machine.

As his father Philip was killed, Alexander had removed all those near him that could be a threat to his throne. This is when Alexander’s quest started, he ran over Pelion, Illyria, and then Thebes. Spring 334 Alexander crossed the Dardanelles with an army of 30,000 men into Asia. He then left his fathers closest friend in charge of Europe with around 13,000 men. To meet Alexander’s great army, the Persians had a force